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Warren P. Porter
Address: Department of Zoology, U. of Wisconsin
250 N. Mills St. , Madison, WI 53706
Phone: (608) 262-1719; 262-0029
Fax: (608) 262-9083
B.S. (Zoology) Univ. of Wisconsin Madison,
M.A. (Ichthyology) Univ. of California,
Los Angeles, 1963
Ph.D. (Physiological Ecology) UCLA,
NASA Predoctoral Fellow, 1964-1966 with Dr.
Kenneth S. Norris
NIH Research Associate at Center for Biology
of Natural Systems, Washington U., St. Louis with Dr. David M. Gates, 1966-1968
Research Assistant to Dr. A.D. Hasler, U.
of Wisconsin, Hydrobiology Lab, Summers of 1960, 1961, 1962
Teaching Assistant in Zoology, UCLA, 1961-1964
Research Assistant to Dr. K.S. Norris, Dept
of Zoology, UCLA, Summers of 1963, 1964
Assistant Professor of Zoology, U. of Wisconsin,
Associate Professor of Zoology, U. of Wisconsin,
Professor of Zoology, Univ. of Wisconsin,
Professor of Environmental Toxicology, U.
of Wisconsin, Madison, 1986 - present
Chair, Dept. of Zoology. 1 July 1993 - 30
Romnes Faculty Fellowship ($25,000 award for excellence in research and
unusual research promise), 1977
Guggenheim Fellow, 1979-1980
Special Faculty Recognition Fund award (approximately $2000 salary increment
given to 3% of UW faculty), 1983
Elected AAAS Fellow, May, 1984
Selected as one of the top five researchers supported by the Ecological
Research Division of the Department of Energy, (includes National Laboratories
and Universities) January, 1986.
Selected as a faculty member of the Environmental Toxicology Center.
U. Wis, Madison. 1986.
Winner of IBM competition for two IBM AT's plus peripherals to develop
research software. 1986.
Visiting Distinguished Ecologist, Colorado State U. 1989
Selection of paper, "Thermodynamic Equilibria of Animals with Environment",
as on of the 40 classic papers in the field of Ecology. in
'Foundations of Ecology: Classic papers with commentaries.' Real, L.A.
and J.H. Brown.1991. U. Chicago Press. 904 p.
Invited Faculty Associate in the Center for Integrated Agriculture Systems,
Senior Fellow, National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, Santa
Barbara, California. 1998-1999.
Won a $5000 InTime award for a high end laptop computer and software to
present Zoo. 101 lectures in PowerPoint format. Fall, 1999.
Appointed Distinguished Research Fellow, U. of Adelaide, Australia from
20 June, 2000, to 31 December, 2000.
Invited participant in Body Size Workshop at the National Center for Ecological
Analysis and Synthesis. Fall 1999 – Fall 2001.
Invited participant in Endocrine Review – State-of-the-Art status. Tulane,
New Orleans, LA. 16 – 18 Oct. Declined because of prior commitments.
Summer research fellow, National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis,
Santa Barbara, California. Summer, 2001.
- Appointed member of the scientific advisory board for the internationally recognized organic farming Rodale Institute, Kutztown Pennsylvania. 10 January, 2003.
- Leadership Award from the national organization Beyond Pesticides for my work on subtle biological effects of low level pesticide mixtures. 2004.
- Appointed Honorary Fellow, Engineering Physics Department, U.W. Madison. 2006
- Appointed Affiliate Faculty Member, Engineering Physics Department, U.W. Madison. 2007
- Invited National Academy of Sciences Sackler symposium speaker, ‘Biogeography, Changing Climates and Niche Evolution’. Dec. 11, 2008, Irvine, CA
- Invited Distinguished Lecturer, Irving Scholander Lecture Series, U. of Alaska, Fairbanks. Sept. 2010.
Outstanding Undergraduate Teaching Award (Zoology 101), 1969
Winner of Apple Computer competition for MacIntosh II plus peripherals
to develop new generation research software. 1988.
Selected by WQED Public Television's premier biology series, "The Infinite
Voyage", to be filmed for their program on dinosaur research. 1988.
Selected as one of 85 in national software competition by IBM to all expenses
paid national software symposium in Dallas, Texas, to demonstrate instructional
and research software I developed. (June, 1988)
Selected as one of 6 national Scholars to present research at the 45th
Annual National NSTA (National Society of Teachers of America) New Orleans.
April, 1997. ‘Neurological, Endocrine, Immune and Developmental Impact
of Low-Level Pesticide Mixtures in Drinking Water’
One of four chairs at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, to be invited
to present at the fall New Chairs meeting, ‘How to be an effective chair.’
Led the Department of Zoology to a Certificate of Commendation from the
State of Wisconsin as a State leader in the practice of Total Quality Management.
1997. There were eleven organizations in the private and public sector
throughout the State who received this recognition from the Governor.
Potential conflicts of interest:
- U. S. Patent 5,912,178 in May, 1994, for ‘Passive monitoring of health with stable isotopes’ with Mark Cook and Isabel Treichel.
U.S. Patent 7,155,377 in Dec., 2006. Porter, W. P. and Mitchell, J. W. 2006. Method and system for calculating the spatial-temporal effects of climate and other environmental conditions on animals. _ http://www.warf.org/technologies.jsp?ipnumber=P01251US
- US Patent 7,465,276 B2. "Identification of disease characteristics using isotope ratios in breath". 16 December 2008. (with Fariba M. Assadi-Porter, Mark E. Cook and Daniel E. Butz)
- US Patent application P09010US. "Detection of rate changes in systematic oscillations of metabolic pathways by monitoring carbon isotope ratio". July 2008 (with Hamid Eghbalnia, Mark E. Cook and Daniel E. Butz)
- US Patent application P100150. “Identification of Biological Markers of Polycystic Ovary Disease (PCOS) in Humans for Early detection and Diagnostics” November 2009. (with Fariba Assadi-Porter, Mark E. Cook, Michael Shortreed, David Abbott, Marco Tonelli, Hamid Eghbalnia and Leah Whigham)
Honors of my students since 1980:
- I am a founder, board member and vice-president of an off-campus company, Isomark, LLC, that may license and develop commercial applications of our stable isotope breath analysis patents as it sees fit. However, all fundamental research is done exclusively through our research group and patented through WARF.
I am the founder of an off campus company, ANIMAPS.US, to make the patented Niche Mapper™ software commercially available.
C.R. Tracy: Guggenheim Fellow (1980); Faculty, Coloratdo State U;
Faculty U. Nevada, Reno and Director: Biological Resources Research Center
and Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation Biology program, University of
T. Daniel: Bantrell Fellowship, Calif. Inst. Tech. (2 years), Winner of
600 person competition for faculty position at U. of Washington, Seattle.
(1984); MacArthur Foundation Fellow (1995)
J.G. Kingsolver: Miller Postdoctoral Fellow, Berkeley (2 years),
Winner in 200 person competition for faculty position at Brown University
(1984); Winner of 500 person competition for faculty position at
U. of Washington, Seattle (1986).; Endowed chair, U.N.C, Chapel Hill (2000).
K.E. Conley: Harvard Postdoctoral Fellowship (1983) NATO Postdoctoral
Fellowship, Bern, Switzerland (2 yrs), Faculty, U. Washington, Seattle
K. Christian: Guyer postdoctoral fellow (1980-81); Winner in 500 person
competition for faculty position at U. of Puerto Rico (1983)
S. Waldschmidt: 2 year NSF postdoctoral fellowship (in national competition)
S. Jones: Guyer postdoctoral fellow (1983)
J. C. Munger: Leopold Research Fellow (1985, 1986); Winner of 200 person
competition for faculty position at Boise State, Idaho. 1988.
J. Lovvorn: Dean's Fellowship (1986) 1 of 8 graduate students in the College
of Letters and Science, U Wis., Madison; NATO Post-doctoral fellowship
(1988-1989); Winner of 200 person competition for faculty position
at U. of Wyoming, Laramie (1989)
R. Shea: Guyer postdoctoral fellow (1985); winner of 200 person competition
for faculty position at Randolph-Macon College, Virginia 1987.
Karen Overall: 1988. NSF predoctoral fellowship.
Nancy Debbink: 1988. Trewartha honors undergraduate fellowship.
Sonja Green: 1989. Trewartha honors undergraduate
Adria Cannon: 1989. U. of Wis. Graduate school fellowship.1990.
3 year NSF predoctoral fellowship (850 awarded out of more than 6000
Penny Reynolds: 1990. Anna M. Jackson Award for best student paper
Am. Soc. Mammalogists National meetings; 2 year NSF postdoctoral fellowship
1992-1994; winner of 200 person competition for Comparative Physiologist
position, U. Virginia, Richmond 1966
Bruce Grant: 1990. Hollaender postdoctoral fellowship.1992.
Winner of 200 person competition for faculty position in Philadelphia.
Steve Adolph: 1990. Guyer postdoctoral fellowship. 1992.
Winner of 200 person competition for faculty position at Harvey Mudd
Scott Belden: 1991. Halstrom Environmental Fellowship.
J. B. French 1992. Winner of 400 person competition for US
Fish and Wildlife Service research appointment at Patuxent Wildlife Center
Teresa Bluler: 1993. Olin Chemical Corp. $3000 summer fellowship.
William Mitchell 1993 - 1996. Guyer postdoctoral fellow.
Charles Curtin 1994-1996. NSF postdoctoral fellow with
Dr. James Brown
Cheryl Dykstra 1994 US Fish & Wildlife Service research
Steve Beaupre 1995 Winner of 500 person competition
for tenure track Asst. Prof. at U. of Arkansas, Fayetteville.
Lisa LaPerriere 1996 Hilldale Environmental Fellowship
Kent Hatch 1996. Ph.D., U. Wis., Madison; 2 year Fullbright Fellowship,
Faculty Brigham Young U., Utah
Suzanne Lombard 1997 Hilldale Environmental Fellowship
Kiersten Purves 1997 Holstrom Environmental Fellowship
- Geoff Hosack 1998 Holstrom Environmental Fellowship
- Christopher R. Tracy. 2002. Three year NSF postdoctoral fellowship for amphibian research in Australia.
Michael Kearney, Fulbright predoctoral fellowship, 2003. Faculty position, Dept of Zoology, U. of Melbourne, Australia 2005.
- Julia Haviland. Society of Toxicology Student Abstract Award at the Contemporary Topics in Toxicology Meeting: Prenatal Programming and Toxicology in March, 2009.
Animal Biology (Zoo. 101) (spring:
approximately 800 - 1000 students)
Modeling Animal Landscapes (Zoo. 504) (fall: 25 students )
Biophysical Ecology (Zoo. 504)
(fall: 10 - 15 students )
Field Physiological Ecology (Zoo.
540) (spring: 15 - 20 students)
Ecotoxicology (Env. Tox. &
Zoo. 367)(fall: 30 - 50)
Undergraduate Research (Zoo. 699)
Graduate Research (Zoo. 990) (fall,
Graduate seminars of various numbers
Annual guest lectures in
Zoo. 120; Atm. & Oceanic Sciences 121; Inst.Env.Studies 600
Other training or experience relating to my technical competence:
(1) 2 1/2 years night school training in electronics
graduate student at
UCLA working on my Ph.D.
(2) Mass spectrometer operation and theory at U.
Wis. Chemistry Dept.
(3) 42 courses taken in 16 departments at Univ. Wis. since coming here as a faculty member (as of fall 2010)
Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Micrometeorology (no longer offered, but closest
to AOSS 520, Bioclimatology)
Past Climates and Climatic Change (AAOS 528)
Marketing Management (Bus. 520)
Intermediate Analytical Chemistry (Chem. 524)
Transport Phenomena (Chem. Eng. 320))
Computational Modeling of Reactive Systems (Chem.
Intermediate Transport Phenomena (Chem. Eng. 760)
Ecology and Energetics
Advanced Animal Ecology (Zoo 620)
Bioenergetics (Animal Sci. 622)
Pathology 778 (Quantitative Human Chemistry: Endocrine
Engineering Physics 521 (Aerodynamics), 601 (Applied Aerodynamics)
Mathematics and Numerical Methods
Numerical Methods (Computer Sci. 412)
Differential equations (Math. 305)
Linear Algebra (Math 340)
Stochastic Modeling Processes (Ind. Eng. 624)
Optimization Methods (Ag. Econ. 815)
Mathematics for Dynamic Modeling (Math. 415)
Engineering Thermodynamics I, II (M.E. 361, 362)
Fluid Dynamics (M.E. 364)
Engineering Heat Transfer
Basic Heat Transfer (M.E. 363)
Conduction (M.E. 764)
Convection (M.E. 765)
Radiation (M.E. 760)
Engineering Control Theory (M.E. 446)
Microclimatology (Met. 532)
Physiological Chemistry 704
Remote Sensing (Satellite Imagery)
Civil & Env. Eng. 301, 302, 303, 304, 556 (Image Processing), 660 (Digital Orthophotogrammetry)
Soil Science 621
Statistical Experimental Design for Engineers (Stat.
Statistics for Biologists I(Stat. 571)
Statistics for Biologists II (Stat. 572)
Environmental Toxicology 625
Environmental Toxicology 626
Landscape Ecology 650
Other technical competencies
Computer language programming: FORTRAN, BASIC, PASCAL, PERL, MySQL, PYTHON
Graphics packages: Adobe Illustrator, Photoshop, Premiere,
Microsoft Word, Excel, Powerpoint, Access, Notebook
Scientific Word 3.0 (LATEX printing, publishing)
- Hydrodynamics modeling: FLUENT, ANSYS12
- Animation/morphing programs: Rhinoceros, Lightwave, Silo, Zbrush
Professional Services (Outside since 1986)
Heat and mass transfer engineering applied to animals
Environmental toxicology, especially endocrine disrupters, immune and neurological
effects of environmental contaminants.
Statistical experimental design for multiple variable problems
Application of stable isotopes for early detection of catabolic state and
protein nutritional status
Quality Management skills
Editorial Board Functional Ecology (1986-1996)
Member: International Air Pollution Advisory Board for the Detroit-Windsor
Port Huron-Sarnia Region (one of 3 U.S. people and 3 Canadians charged
by the Canadian premier and President Bush with exploring
what be done to control and evaluate pollution in the U.S. - Canada border
region.(1990 - 1992)
Panel member: NSF Population Biology & Physiological Ecology
(1989 - 1992)
Advisor to Los Alamos National Labs physiology program
Two EPA panels on policy development of multiple low-level toxicant
testing and exposure policies
One DOE panel (HERAC) advising the head of the agency of new directions
for the DOE
One DOE panel on development of new programs for toxicant effects
on immune function and other integrated effects
DOE HERAC subcommittee advising on future directions for ecological research
into the next century. Fall 1993.
Two NSF panels on Multidisciplinarity in Biological Research (by invitation:
Fall, 1995; April, 1996)
EPA panel member, 2000, 2001
Expert advice to Wisconsin Public Intervenor on biological effects of groundwater
contamination by agricultural and urban chemicals (1988 - 1995)
Expert advice to Wisconsin Dept. of Public Health on biological effects
of groundwater contamination by agricultural and urban chemicals (1988
Expert advice to Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources on biological
effects of groundwater contamination by agricultural and urban chemicals
(1988 - present)
Professional Campus Service
Board of directors of 1) Madison Technology Incubator (Treasurer),
2) Madison Civic Band
Madison Memorial High School and Middleton High School guest lectures to
biology program, advisor for science project competitions
Wisconsin Association of High School Teachers guest presentations
for their state meetings
Campus lab presentations to area biology teachers on current research
Madison Civic Band volunteer performer for concerts at hospitals, nursing
homes, civic functions, etc.
Advice and scientific counsel to Citizens for Safe Water Around Badger
(SWAB) (Ordinance Plant near Baraboo, WI)
Member, Parent Advisory Council and Parent Teacher Organization, Stoner
Prairie Elementary School, Fitchburg, WI.
Current collaborative research projects with
Chair of Zoology 1993 - June 30, 1998
Member of executive committee of Center for Biology Education, Biocore
steering committee, UBEC committee, Sabbatical evaluation committee, Faculty
development committee, L&S Handbook development committee, and various
other planning and coordinating committees associated with being chair
of Zoology at the Departmental and Campus level
Campus review of Poultry Science Dept.
Post tenure review on Dr. Cal DeWitt, IES
UIR/L&S Advisory Board: advice an counsel on University – Industry
interfacing; review of applicants for UIR positions, e.g. associate deans.
University Ridge Research Committee: scientific advice on developing IMP
and ultimately no pesticide usage in maintaining University golf course.
Member of Center for Integrated Agriculture Systems (CIAS) Advisory
Board 1998 – present. Advice on developing stronger programs
for CIAS and developing funding for the program, etc.
Outside Invitations or Professional Talks presented
- Dr. Riccardo Bonazza, Engineering Physics and Dr. Chin Wu, Civil Engineering: Hydrodynamics of Leatherback Sea Turtles.
- Dr. Michael Kearney, University of Melbourne Energetics and behavior of the brown butterfly of Australia, red and grey kangaroos and koalas of Australia.
- Dr. John Treblanche and Elsje Kleynhans. Ecology and distribution of tsetse flies in Africa.
- Yishai Wise, Dr. Karen Steudel, Dr. John Kutzbach, U. of Wis., Madison. Evolution of hominid bipedalism: role of climate, habitat, and loss of fur.
(1985 - 1986)
1)Princeton; 2) SUNY - Buffalo; 3) National
Physiological Ecology Symposium on the Olympic Peninsula;
4)Colorado State U., Dept. of Veterinary Science; 5) DOE special
state-of-the-art speaker to top administrators; 6) Midwest
Population Biology Symposium
(1986 - 1987)
1) Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on stress effects on animals;
2) Theoretical Ecology Symposium organized by Bob May and Jon Roughgarden;
3) U. W. Dept. of Phys. Educ. seminar on variability of physiological
properties of animals: Implications for energetics;
4) Iowa State Dept. Zool. seminar; 5) Keynote address at Dinosaur
Symposium (Waco, TX). Talk on Cretaceous Maiasaurs - their paleoclimates,
heat and mass balances and growth potential and metabolic rates. 6) ASZ
paper on "Doubly labeled water vs heat and mass transfer" (showing we can
calculate metabolic rates and water loss for lizards in the field from
first principles) 7) Cornell U. - 2 invited lectures; 8) US
EPA - Washington D.C. - Multiple, interacting low level toxicants";
9) US EPA - Corvallis, OR - "Multiple low level stressors; impact
on growth and reproduction potential"; 10) ACLAM talk - National
meeting in Chicago - invited presentation on our lizard research
(1987 - 1988)
1) ASZ symposium on animal energetics International Theriological
Congress Symposium invitation in Rome 2) invitation to International
Herpetological Congress, Canterbury, England (session co-chair)
(1988 - 1990)
1) U. of Chicago - Coupled heat and mass balances and behavioral, immune
and endocrine interactions: implications for growth and reproduction in
multiple stressor environments. 2) Paper
at national herp. meetings in San Francisco on “Calculations vs measurements
of altitudinal and climatic effects on growth potential of garter snakes”
with Chuck Peterson. 3) Co-chair of Animal Energetics symposium at
First International Congress of Herpetelogy, Canterbury, UK
Sept. 11-19; 4) presenter of keynote paper: Climate and food
variation: behavioral optimization of heat and mass exchange for maximum
growth and reproduction.
5) Invited paper at ASZ symposium in Boston: Global models of
climate change and implications for growth and reproduction.
(1991 - 1992)
1) Invited paper in Theoretical Ecology symposium, Washington,
D.C. May, 1991 on global climate change impacts on animal population
dynamics; 2) Two papers at Am. Soc. Zool. national meetings, Dec.
'91 on a) Climate and physiological effects on life history variables of
lizards; on b) Low level groundwater contaminants effects on endocrine,
immune and nerve function in mammals. 3)Invited paper on low level climate,
disease and agricultural stressors affecting growth and reproduction
potential in mammals. at Walter Reed Army Medical Facility.
April, 1991. 4) Invited paper at National meeting on Biotelemetry in Anaheim,
CA., Nov. 1991 on use of radiotelemetry to predict energetic costs in free
ranging animals. 5) Invited symposium paper at Ecol. Soc. Am. annual meeting
(Hawaii, Aug. 1992) on individual based models' contributions to population
and community theory. 6) Invited talk at the Wisconsin DNR Lakes Conference
meeting on aquatic herbicides. Stevens Point, WI 1993.
1) Invited symposium paper at International Theriological Congress
in Sydney, Australia, July, 1993, on Comparative Physiology of Mammals.
"How fur works, a general model for endotherm energetics.' 2) Invited
symposium paper at International Herpetological Congress in Adelaide,
Australia, Jan. 1994, on "Climatic and physiological constraints
affecting population dynamics and community structure in reptiles."
3) Invited talk to World Wildlife Fund Agricultural Pollution Prevention
Conference, Ann Arbor, MI. Jan. 1994; 4) Invited participant in Wingspread
Conference on ‘Toxicants in the Environment’. Mr. ‘94; Racine, WI;
5) Invited talk to the Wis. DNR May ‘94 on Health effects
of groundwater contaminants mixtures.; 6) Invited talk to the Int. Assn.
of Great Lakes Research meetings in Windsor, Ont. June ‘94 on “Mixtures
of Low Level Insecticides & Herbicides - Immune, Endocrine & Neurological
Disruptions”; 7) Invited participant in COMAP meeting on Global Climate
Change modeling. June ’94; 8) Ecol. Soc. Am. paper on ‘A new
NO-DOPE stable isotope technique for assessing catabolic/anabolic status
in animals in the field over varying time intervals.” Aug. ’94; 9) Invited
talk to the International Joint Commission workshop, Toledo, OH Aug ‘94
on Development of Workable Policies for Pesticide Reduction.; 10) Invited
seminar to Hydrology group at U. W., Madison on groundwater contaminant
mixtures and health effects. Sept. ’94; 11) Invited talk to regional
workshop of the National Campaign for Pesticide Policy Reform in St. Louis,
MO Oct. ’94; 12) Invited talk to Wis. DNR Bureau Directors
and Managers on ‘Multiple health effects of low level mixtures of groundwater
contaminants.’ Nov. ‘94.; 13) Invited talk to DOE Climate Change
meeting, Knoxville, TN May 20 - 23, 1995. on ‘Climate change effects
of ectotherm and endotherm population dynamics and community structure
across species ranges’.
1) Invited participant in EPA Endocrine Disruptor Workshop at Research
Triangle Park, NC. April 10-13, 1995. 2) Invited talk to biannual
meeting of the International Joint Commission meeting in Duluth, MN on
‘Health problems associated with pesticides in drinking water’. October,
1995; 3) Popular article in ON WISCONSIN magazine on yard chemicals
and impact on animal and human health. 4) Invited all expenses paid
talk to the Am. Assn. of Higher Education, Washington, D.C. 9 June, 1996.
‘A success story of strategic long range planning by faculty and staff
in a University department.’ 5) Invited talk to Quality Development Network
group at U.W. Madison on ‘How to initiate and impliment long range planning
at the departmental level. July 1996; 6) CNN interview on ‘Health
consequences of contaminated water’.. June, 1996. Aired in August, 1996.;
7) Ecol. Soc. Am. National Meeting 11 Aug. 1996. ‘Climate variation and
optimal body sizes: implications for community structures globally.
8) Invited participant in PEW charitable trust funded national workshop
on ‘How to promote and manage change in the University environment’
Detroit, MI. September, 1966.; 9) Invited 2 hour presentation at USEPA
Workshop, Davis, CA on ‘Human and Ecological Risk Assessment’. September,
1996.; 10) Invited talk to an International Wingspread Conference 27-29
September, 1996, on ‘Health Effects of Contemporary Use Pesticides: The
Wildlife/Human Connection’. 11) Invited talk to Midwest Population Biology
Conference, October, 1996. ‘Climate variation and its constraints on community
structure of ectotherms and endotherms. 12) Invited participant in Sierra
Club press conference in Chicago, IL on ‘Endocrine disruptors: immune,
neurological and developmental implications’. October, 1996. 13) Invited
talk to national meeting of Am. Soc. of Mechanical Engineers, Atlanta,
GA. Nov. 1996. ‘Heat and mass transfer principles applied to animals in
their environments.’ 14) Invited talk in lizard ecology symposium, Am.
Soc. Zool., Albuquerque, NM Dec. 1996, Predicting survival, growth
& reproduction in reptiles across their distributional limits from
climate data and physical, physiological and behavioral properties.’ 15)
’Invited talk in bird ecology symposium, Am. Soc. Zool., Albuquerque, NM.
Dec. 1996 “Heat and mass transfer through bird feathers: a first principles
model using finite elements in cylindrical coordinates”; 16) Guest lectures
to Zoology 101, 120 and graduate training seminars in the College of Agriculture
on ‘Current issues in toxicology’. 17) Invited lecture to FOSSTA
(consortia of states for regulating environmental chemicals) Chemical Management
Project, 9 Dec., 1996, Washington, D.C. on ‘Multiple chemical mixtures:
low concentrations and their effects on development, endocrine, immune
and behavior in animals.’
1) Invited seminar, U. of Nevada, Reno. February, 1997.
‘Using mechanistic climate, ectotherm and endotherm models for predicting
survivorship, growth and reproduction of rare and endangered species.’
2) Invited seminars, U. of Washington, Seattle. February, 1997. ‘Biological
effects of low level environmental contaminants in drinking water’; Physical,
physiological and behavioral constraints on community structure of mammals
at local and global scales.’ 3) Invited workshop presentation, ‘Chair’s
relationship with the staff: Enhancing Workplace Dynamics’, U.W. Madison
February, 1997. 4) Two invited talks to Upper Midwest Organic Farmers Conference,
Dubuque, IA, ‘Biological effects of low level environmental contaminants
in drinking water’ March, 1997 5) Invited participation in PEW Foundation
Conference, Ann Arbor, MI April, 1997. ‘Promoting constructive change
in Universities’ 6) Invited Shell Science Scholar talk at 45th Annual National
NSTA (National Society of Teachers of America) New Orleans. April, 1997.
‘Neurological, Endocrine, Immune and Developmental Impact of Low-Level
Pesticide Mixtures in Drinking Water’ 7) Invited presentation to Wisconsin
Dept. of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection May, 1997 ,
‘Biological effects of low level environmental contaminants in drinking
water’ 8) Invited talk to the North Central Accreditation meeting, Chicago,
IL. June, 1997. ‘Strategic Planning in the Framework of a Campus-wide
Vision for the Future’, Hyatt Regency, Chicago. April 1997 9) Invited seminar
at EPA Region V headquarters, Chicago. ‘Biological effects of low level
environmental contaminants in drinking water’. May, 1997 10) Invited
seminar at national conference on agriculture, food and human values, ‘
Biological effects of common mixtures of groundwater contaminants.’ June,
1997. 11) Invited seminar to Cargill Corp. at UIR sponsored meeting,
‘Stable isotopes: their use and application in agriculture and livestock
production.’ July, 1997. 12) Invited presentation for Office of Quality
Improvement to European and Asian University administrators on ‘Developing
Quality Management in an academic department. July, 1997. 13) Keynote
speech at 3rd International Congress of Herpetology, Prague, Czechoslovakia.
August 2-10, 1997. ‘Climate variation and individual properties: population
and community consequences at local and global scales.’; Program co-chair
of a symposium on climate change. 14) Invited presentation to high level
Chinese delegation on ‘Biological effects of fertilizer/pesticide mixtures
in drinking water. August, 1997. 15) Invited seminar to State
of Wisconsin annual meeting of Public Health specialists, ‘Biological effects
of current contaminant mixtures in drinking water’, September, 1997. 16)
Invited presentation at Climate Change Workshop, National Center for Atmospheric
Research, Boulder, CO October, 1997. ‘Climate variation and its impact
on ectotherm and endotherm distributions globally.’ 17) Invited seminar
to CIC Big 10 Conference, Chicago, on ‘Developing quality management practices
in an academic department’. October, 1997. 18) Invited seminar to the State
of Wis. Groundwater Coordinating Council on ‘Biological effects of current
contaminant mixtures in drinking water’, Nov. 1997.
1) Invited talk to 50th annual regional Pesticides Conference, U. of
Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, ‘Biological effects of low level pesticide/fertilizer
mixtures in groundwater.’ 2) Two invited talks to Upper Midwest Organic
Farmers Conference, Dubuque, IA, ‘Biological effects of low level
environmental contaminants in drinking water’ February, 1998 3) Two invited
seminars, Virginia Tech, ‘Local and global consequences for animal distributions
and community structure when climates vary.’ , ‘Biological effects of low
level pesticide/fertilizer mixtures in groundwater.March, 1998. 4) Invited
talk to U.W. Alumni as part of the Alumni University progam for distinguished
alumni, ‘The Inside Scoop on Environmental Contaminants’ June, 1998.
5) 1 October, 1998, Biological effects of groundwater
pesticide/fertilizer mixtures. NCEAS eco-lunch talk. 6) 17 October,
1998. Keynote speech: Human health implications of groundwater contaminant
mixtures. Illinois organic farming conference, Mattoon, Illinois
7) 21 October, 1998, Medical implications of environmental contaminants.
Talk to Physicians as health activists at Madison, Wisconsin Medical School.
8) 2 November, 1998, Calculating climate effects on birds and mammals:
impacts on biodiversity, conservation and global community structure. UCSB
Invited talks/radio interviews/documentary movie interviews
1) 8 January 1999. Scaling, climate, biodiversity and conservation:
for and feathers. Invited talk in bird evolution symposium.
Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology national meeting, Jan.
6-10, 1999. Denver CO. 2) 20 January, 1999. Biological effects of
environmental contaminants. Harvey Mudd College, Claremont CA 3) 17 February,
1999. Pesticides, fertilizers and groundwater mixtures: effects on immune,
endocrine and nervous system function. Midwest
Organic Farmers Conference, Sinsinawa, Wisconsin 4) 17 March,1999,
The biological effects of environmental contaminants, EEMB Department,
5) 23 March, 1999, Biological effects of environmental contaminants,
Earthwatch PBS radio interview (live) 6) 5 April, 1999, Groundwater contaminants,
learning an aggression levels, WORT radio interview, Madison Wisconsin.
7) 12 April, 1999, climate-animal interactions implications for land-use
and community structure, NASA presentation, Washington D.C. 8) 13 April,
1999, Biological effects of environmental contaminants, Santa Barbara City
College course on Environmental contaminants 9) 21 April, 1999, Environmental
contaminants in food and water-biological impacts, Earthsave Society, Santa
Barbara 10) 24 April, 1999, Food safety and genetically engineered food-panel
discussion, Faulkner Gallery, Santa Barbara public library 11) 28 April,
1999, Biological implications of low-level pesticide mixtures in drinking
water, National Public Radio interview (one hour) 12) 3 May 1999, low-level
biological effects due to pesticide mixtures, BREN Environmental Center,
UCSB 13) 10 May, 1999, Toxic deception, one-on-one half-hour radio interview
on station KEYT, Santa Barbara 14) 10 May, 1999, Groundwater contaminant
mixtures and their biological impacts, Center Barbara Yacht Club 15) 11
May, 1999, Biological implications of groundwater pesticide
mixtures contamination, one hour interview on National E Magazine radio
talk show 16) 18 May, 1999, Common pesticide mixtures impacts on biological
systems, legislative aides, California state capital, Sacramento, California
17) 19 May, 1999, Implementing quality management in an academic environment,
Deans and chancellor's representatives, University of California, Berkeley
18) 20 May, 1999, common pesticide mixtures and their implications for
children's health, Wisconsin public radio, Milwaukee (1 hour live interview)
19) 24 May, 1999, Human health implications of common pesticide mixtures
in groundwater, with Wisconsin public radio, Green Bay (1 hour live interview)
20) 18 June, 1999, Pesticide Mixtures, Learning Abilities and Aggression
Levels in Children, Iranian Research Institute, Tehran, Iran 21) 12. July,
1999. Invited movie interview for documentary on organophosphates and suicides
in farmers. Producer: Joe Gray.
22) 13- 17 July, 1999. Invited participant in body size workshop at
NCEAS. 23) 22 July, 1999. Medical implications of low-level environmental
contaminants. Santa Barbara County Medical community talk, Ventura,
CA. (Environmental Defense Center) 24) 26 July, 1999. Environmental contaminants
and children’s health.
Grossman Gallery, Lompoc library, Lompoc, CA. 25) 8 Sept., 1999 Interviewed
by Chicago Tribute reporter Ron Kotulak on toxicological research 26) 13
Sept., 1999. Environmental contaminants and human health with emphasis
on lawn chemicals. Northern Iowa University, Cedar Falls, IA 27)
19 Sept., 1999 Biological effects of low level groundwater contaminants
mixture. Lumpkin Foundation, Mattoon, IL 28) 24 Sept., 1999. Human health
implications of low level groundwater contaminant mixtures exposure.
Regional Environmental Health Conference. Wisconsin Dells, WI 29)
30 Sept., 1999. ‘Lawn chemical reduction processes; health implications
of lawn chemical exposures.’ University Safety Comm. Meeting
invited presentation. U.W. Madison. 30) 8 Oct., 1999. ‘Biological
effects of environmental contaminants.’ Cornell U., Ithaca, NY. 31)
11-13 Nov., 1999 Body size workshop, NCEAS, Santa Barbara 32)
14 Nov., 1999. ‘Stable isotopes and human health.’ Informed
1) 1 Feb., 2000. ‘Food contaminants and nutrients: conventional
vs. organic production.’ Safety of Alternative Production systems,
including GMOs conference. Sponsored by the Illinois Strategic Research
Initiative in Food Safety of C-FAR. 2) 4 Feb., 2000. Live one hour
interview on Minnesota Public Radio, Station WCCO, Minneapolis, on what
is and is not known about biological effects of common chemical contaminants.
3) 6-8 Feb., 2000. ‘Biological effects of low level contaminants
mixtures: implications for children’s health.’ Presentation in St. Paul,
MN, St. Olaf’s College, MN and presentations to two legislative committees
of the State of Minnesota. 4) 15 Feb., 2000. ‘Biological effects
of low level contaminants mixtures: implications for children’s health.’
U. W. Appleton select continuing education program. 5) 7 March, 2000.
‘Biological effects of low level contaminants mixtures: implications for
children’s health.’ Milwaukee Dept. of Public Health, Milwaukee Public
School System Groundskeepers 6) 9 March, 2000. ‘Neurological, endocrine
and immune effects of low level environmental contaminants in groundwater’.
Citizens group, Janesville, WI 7) 9-10 March, 2000. ‘Current status
of research on biological effects of low level contaminants mixtures: implications
for children’s health.’ Lumpkin Foundation, Chicago, IL. 8) 1-5 April.
Body size workshop, NCEAS, Santa Barbara, CA. 9) 27 April, 2000.
‘Neurological, endocrine and immune effects of low level environmental
contaminants in groundwater’. Regional meeting of environmental health
workers. Eau Claire, WI 10) 15 June – 15 July, 2000. Unknown
number of University talks in Sydney, Adelaide, Melbourne and other Australian
universities on Environmental Contaminants’ and on ‘Physiology on a landscape
scale’. Also collaborative research with at least 3 faculty at various
universities there. 11) 16 Sept. 2000. ‘Neurological, endocrine and immune
implications of contaminated foodstuffs in conventionally grown foods.’
Wisconsin Natural Foods Association meeting. Wisconsin Dells. 12)
Invited to present a symposium lecture at the International Congress in
Chobe, Africa August 2001. ‘Putting physiology on a landscape scale’.
1) 5 January. Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology national
meeting, Symposium presentation: Physiology on a landscape scale: plant-animal
2) 16 January. Regional agricultural meeting presentation, Springfield,
Illinois: "Subtle biological effects of common agricultural chemical mixes."
3) 16 March. Invited presentation at Upper Midwest Organic Farming
conference: "Roundup and other pesticide mixtures: their subtle biological
effects." 4) 27 March. Presentations to U. W. Madison group, Students of
Sustainability: "Subtle Biological Effects of Environmental Contaminant
Mixtures". 5) 6 April. Presentation to the U. W. Veterinary School weekly
seminar series: "A first principles inhalation model: applications to inhalation
toxicology." 6) 29 May. Wisconsin Public Television Interview taping
with Elizabeth Koerner: "An assessment of biotechnology applied to agriculture."
7) 23 June. Denver, Colorado. Presentation to national meeting of
parents concerned with ADHD: "What is known about environmental contaminants-ADHD
interactions ". 8) 24-30 June. White Oak Conservation Center, Georgia.
Invited presentations at national meetings on "Biodiversity And Wildlife"
and "Wildlife Disease Management". 9) 10 August. Ecological Society of
America national meeting, Madison WI. Symposium presentation: "Climate,
plants, and animals: interactions on landscapes, with applications to ecological
theory and conservation practice". 10) 16 August. Fluno Center, U.
W. Madison. Invited presentation on "Departmental Chair Initiatives
and Experiences" 11) 5 October. Fluno Center, U. W. Madison, National
University administrators' meeting. Invited presentation on " Strategic
Planning and Process Improvement in Academic Departments" 12) 18 -19 October.
Patuxent National Wildlife Visitors Center, Laurel, MD. Presentation
on "Landscape Toxicology". 13) 24 October. Princeton University research
seminar: "Animal Landscapes".
February 14-18. Invited talk for International Symposium
on Biodiversity and Ecophysiology of Animals. Varanasi, India
1) January. Invited talk for "Conservation Physiology" symposium at
national meeting of Society for Integrative Biology
2) Department of Wildlife Ecology, University of Wisconsin: "Modeling Animal Landscapes" 10 February 2003
3) NASA EROS Data Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota: "Modeling Animal Landscapes" 13 Mar 2003
4) Middleton High School 3 advanced biology classes. "Subtle biological effects of low-level environmental contaminants" May, 2003
5) Invited talk to National Coalition against Misuse of Pesticides national meeting. Austin, Texas. "Subtle biological effects of environmental contaminants". May 2003
6) Invited talk to organic farming organization, Iowa: "Subtle biological effects of environmental contaminants, especially pesticides." September, 2003
7) October 7-9. Invited lecture on "Developmental, endocrine, immune, and nervous system effects of common pesticide mixtures at environmentally relevant concentrations"
University of Florida, Gainesville, October 7
8) One of two invited Internationally Distinguished Lecturers for 50th Anniversary celebration of Seahorse Key Marine Laboratory; Florida "Modeling Animal Landscapes: applications to preservation and conservation of rare and endangered species." October 8-9
Member of Hawaii Honeycreeper Research Team dealing with genetics, evolution, disease impacts on endangered Hawaiian honeycreepers
Member of Amphibian Task Force addressing endangered species in Yellowstone National Park
Member of UW-China scientific collaboration team
1) Invited lecture to the annual meeting of the Beyond Pesticides national organization. Austin Texas. May, 2003
2) Wisconsin State Journal interview on pesticides in the environment, 30 Apr 2003.
3) Guest lectures at Middleton high school on biological effects of environmental contaminants. 9, 12, 14 May 2003.
4) Invited lecture at University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta Canada. Modeling animal landscapes.
5) Invited lecture, NSF, Washington DC: Modeling Animal Landscapes 23 Sep 2003
6) UW Zoology Department colloquium: Modeling Animal Landscapes: Tests and Applications. 26 Sep 2003
7) Invited Lecture in the Upper Midwest Symposium on Invasive Species. Monona Terrace Madison Wisconsin. Herbicide health threats and alternatives. 27 Sep 2003
8) Invited distinguished lecturer, University of Florida. 6-10 October 2003. Featured speaker for the 50th anniversary of Seahorse Key Biological Station. "Modeling animal landscapes: applications to preservation and conservation of rare and endangered species" 9 Oct 2003; Second lecture: Developmental, endocrine, immune, and nervous system effects of common pesticide mixtures." 7 Oct 2003
9) Invited lecture to the Physicians for Social Responsibility on environmental contaminants. UW medical school. 15 Oct 2003
10) Invited distinguished lecture, EPA State-of-the-art Symposium on "Mechanisms of Inverse Dose Responses". University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 17 Oct 2003
11) Channel 3, Channel 15, Channel 27 TV interviews on our newly published lawn chemicals research 15, 16 October, 2003
12) Invited lecture to the Great Lakes Electric Cooperative, Duluth-Superior Wisconsin on Biological Effects of Low-level Herbicide Mixtures click file click save 24 October, 2003
13) Invited lecture to the Whitefish Bay, Wisconsin Village Board: "Pesticide Impacts on Children". 1 Dec 2003.
14) Invited lecture to the Nutrition for Optimal Health Association: Subtle Biological Effects of Environmental Contaminants" Morton Grove, Illinois, 4 February 2004
15) Invited all-college lecture, Luther College, Decorah, IA. Subtle biological effects of environmental contaminants. 4 March, 2004
16) Invited lecture at NSF workshop, Lawrence Kansas. "Modeling early hominid energetics and behavior from first principles." 11-13 March, 2004
17) Earthwatch radio interview: "Modeling Animal Energetics and Behavior across Landscapes" 22 Mar 2004.
18) Invited distinguished lecturer to national meeting of Beyond Pesticides and National Coalition against Misuse of Pesticides. " Emerging science of pesticides and human health". University of California, Berkeley. 2-4 April 2004.
19) Invited symposium speaker for national meeting of snake ecologist's Modeling Snake Habitat and Distribution symposium in Carbondale Illinois. 23-25 May 2004.
20) Invited speaker at the Land Institute Summer Institute, Matfield Green, Kansas. " Subtle Biological Effects of Environmental Contaminants." 10 June 2004.
21) Invited speaker at the regional Eco-Fair at Maharishi University of Management in Fairfield, Iowa. "Subtle biological Effects of low concentrations of common pesticide mixtures." 12 June 2004.
22) Invited speaker at the Agricultural Research Institute, Teheran, Iran. "Modeling Animal Landscapes" 28 June 2004. "Subtle biological effects of common pesticide mixtures." 29 June 2004.
23) Invited speaker at the Fitchburg Community Center. "Subtle Biological Effects of Low Concentrations of Common Lawn Chemical Mixtures." 15 July 2004.
24) Invited speaker at the National Landscape Conference, Memorial Union, Madison. "Subtle Biological Effects of Herbicide Mixtures." 6 August 2004.
25) Invited speaker at Princeton University. "Modeling Animal Landscapes", "Subtle Biological Effects of Environmental Contaminants" 27 September-1 October 2004.
26) Invited speaker, Fourth Tuesday campus group, Frederick Center. "Modeling Animal Landscapes". 26 October 2004.
1) Invited speaker, Molecular and Environmental Toxicology Center seminar series, UW Madison. "Toxicology on a Landscape Scale". 3 February 2005.
2) Invited speaker, Endocrine Disruptors and Their Effects on Our Health and Environment symposium and national conference. "Multiple Biological Effects of Low-Level Pesticide Mixture Exposures". St. Paul, Minnesota. 4 February 2005.
3) Invited speaker, UW Fox Valley. "Subtle Biological Effects of Low-Level Environmental Contaminants". Menasha, Wisconsin. 21 February 2005.
4) Invited speaker, Middleton High School, Middleton Wisconsin. "Subtle Biological Effects of Low-Level Environmental Pesticide Mixtures". 11 February 2005.
5) Invited speaker UW Madison Business School. "Pesticides and Environmental Risk Management." 14 March 2005.
6) Invited speaker, UW -Washington County, West Bend, Wisconsin. "Climate Change and Its Impact on Animal Distributions, Energetics, and Behavior". 18 April 2005.
7) Invited speaker, University of Texas, Austin. "Modeling Animal Landscapes"., "Subtle Biological Effects of Environmental Contaminants". 4-6 May 2005.
8) Invited speaker, Department of Defense symposium, Baltimore, Maryland. "Modeling rare and endangered species on military landscapes". 7 June 2005.
9) Invited speaker, Hominid Eco-Modeling Workshop, Les Eyzies, France. "Modeling Early Hominid Energetics in Africa and Europe". 22-25 September 2005.
10) Invited speaker, CNRS, Strasbourg France. "Modeling climates/microclimates and animal energetics and behavior on real landscapes." 28 September 2005.
11) Invited speaker, Molecular and Environmental Toxicology 630. "Ecotoxicology in the real world" UW Madison campus, 30 September 2005.
12) Invited speaker, Department of Wildlife Ecology, UW campus. "Ecotoxicology and energetics on a landscape scale",
13) Invited Speaker, Area Investment Bankers Club, Nakoma Country Club 18 October 2005. "Early detection of infection using stable isotopes in breath".
14) Interview with Milwaukee Sentinel reporter on low-level environmental contaminants. 3 October 2005.
1) Invited symposium speaker, Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, Orlando, Florida. " Modeling the energetics and behavior of the rare (extinct?) Po'ouli on the landscape of Maui". 8 January 2006.
2) Invited speaker, Verona Area High School. "Energetics and behavior of early hominids in Europe and Africa" 17 January 2006.
3) Invited symposium speaker and chair, National Learning Deficits Association. "Low-level pesticide mixtures effects on learning in animals" Jacksonville, Florida 28 February 2006.
4) Invited speaker, UW business school course, "Managing risk in business". "The subtle biological impacts of low-level environmental contaminants". 26 March, 2006.
5) Invited symposium speaker, Ecological Society of America national meeting, Memphis, Tennessee. "Thermal physiology as a biogeographic determinant: historical and mechanistic perspectives". 10 August 2006.
6) Invited speaker UC Berkeley, Stanford University. Modeling animal landscapes. & Subtle biological effects of low-level environmental contaminants. September 2006.
7) Invited speaker. UW Center for Limnology. First principles modeling versus regression. October 2006.
8) Invited speaker. Conference on engaging first-year students. Frederick Center, UW Madison. October 2006.
9) Invited speaker. Modeling animal landscapes. University of Arkansas, Fayetteville. October 2006.
10) Invited speaker. Chaos and Complex Systems seminar. UW campus. December 2006
1) Invited speaker. International conference on thermal adaptation in ectotherms. Barcelona, Spain. March 2007 (all expenses paid)
2) Invited speaker. Pesticides in the Chesapeake Waterways Program National Meeting. Maryland Pesticide Network. May 2007.
3) IALE international symposium invited speaker. Mechanistically modeling the impact of past and future air temperature changes on ectotherms across a continent: the effect of body size, activity thresholds and diurnal vs. nocturnal activity patterns. Wageningen, The Netherlands. July 2007.
4) Invited speaker. Modeling large mammals on real landscapes. Masai Mara, Kenya, Africa July 2008.
2) Invited lectures, Middleton high school. Biological Effects of Environment and Contaminants. February 2007.
3) Invited speaker. International conference on thermal adaptation in ectotherms. Barcelona, Spain. March 2007 (all expenses paid).
4) Invited speaker, Continuing Medical Education conference, " Common low level contaminants of food and water: impacts on development, learning, immune and endocrine function in animals and children" Monona Terrace 14 April, 2007.
5) Invited speaker. Pesticides in the Chesapeake Waterways Program National Meeting. Maryland Pesticide Network. May 2007.
6) Invited speaker, Jewish Family Services' Pathways to Healing. "Pathways to Healing--promoting wellness of body, mind, and spirit in the greater Milwaukee area." May 2007.
7) Invited keynote speaker Beyond Pesticides national meeting in Chicago. "The Big Picture: Linking Pesticide Science and Health Effects." June 2007.
8) IALE international symposium invited speaker. Mechanistically modeling the impact of past and future air temperature changes on ectotherms across a continent: the effect of body size, activity thresholds and diurnal vs. nocturnal activity patterns. Wageningen, The Netherlands. July 2007
9) Invited lecture, Kansas State. “Predicting species’ distributions without using a current distribution: trait based mechanistic models and climate change." 7 September 2007.
10) Invited speaker, SIAC invited lectures. "Predicting past, present and future distributions of a reptile, an invasive amphibian and a disease bearing mosquito across Australia: trait based mechanistic models vs. regression approaches. UW Madison campus. September 2007.
11) Invited speaker, Continuous Improvement in Higher Education meeting. "Promoting constructive change and improvement in academic departments." UW Madison campus. October, 2007.
12) Invited speaker, Healthy Lawns, Healthy Children. "Low-level pesticide impacts on learning abilities, immune, endocrine and developmental processes". (videotaped and repeated broadcasts by Fitchburg Community Access television channel). November 2007.
1) Invited speaker, UW Veterinary Medicine School. "Early detection of infection using new noninvasive technologies." January 2008.
2) Invited speaker, Focus the Nation. "Climate change and animal change: calculating consequences of adaptation mechanisms influencing future distributions." UW Madison Climate Change Teach-in. January 2008.
3) Invited speaker, Threats to Wildlife from Global Warming seminar. "Climate change and animal change: calculating consequences of adaptation mechanisms influencing future distributions." UW Madison, February 2008.
4) Invited speaker, Whitefish Bay, Wisconsin high schools and elementary schools PTO. "Low level contaminant mixtures subtle effects on birth defects, learning abilities, hormone levels and immune functions in animals and children." March 2008.
5) Invited speaker. Pesticides in the Chesapeake Waterways Program National Meeting. Maryland Pesticide Network. May 2008.
6) Invited distinguished scientist speaker International Macrophysiology Symposium, Plymouth UK. "Phenotypic plasticity, dispersal, and physiology: determinants of range limits." May 2008.
7) Invited keynote speaker, Gordon Conference on Metabolic Ecology. "Mechanistic links between physiology, behavior and ecology at landscape scales". July 2008 (declined because of conflict with Kenya, Africa Masai Mara symposium).
8) Invited symposium organizer and speaker. Modeling large mammals on real landscapes. Masai Mara, Kenya, Africa July 2008.
9) Invited speaker, National Academy of Sciences' Sackler Colloquium, Irvine, California "Biophysical Ecology of Niches." December 2008.
1) Invited plenary speaker at the 44th North American Moose Conference and Workshop, fall 2009.
2) Invited member of the Office of Naval Research marine mammals task force and invited speaker at their national meeting on 23 February 2009 in Arlington Virginia.
3) Invited guest lecture ‘Modeling bird energetics and behavior at landscape scales’ at the International Crane Foundation, 16 March 2009.
4) Local radio show (WORT-FM) with Mike Moon 30 minute interview on pesticides and low level biological impacts. 28 September 2009.
5) Kansas radio show ( Food Sleuth) (KOPN 89.5 FM) 30 minute interview on pesticides and low level biological impacts. 13 January, 2010
6) Local radio show 30 minute interview (WORT-FM) with Esty Dinur regarding the use of herbicides as a natural restoration tactic. 24 February, 2010.
7) Invited speaker on ‘Subtle Biological Effects of Low Level Pesticide Exposure’ for the MOSES Organic Farming conference in LaCrosse, 26-28 February, 2010.
8) CBS documentary movie 2 hour interview, ‘Acceptable Levels?’, with Ed Brown, 1 March 2010.
9) Invited symposium lecture at the American Physiological Society Intersociety International meeting in Westminster, Colorado on ‘Global Change & Global Science: Comparative Physiology in a Changing World’ August 2010.
10) Invited Distinguished Lecture in the Irving Scholander Lecture Series at the U. of Alaska, Fairbanks. September, 2010.
JOURNAL REVIEWING 1999-2000
Reviewed for Science, Nature, Environmental Health Perspectives,
Copeia, Nature, Ecological Applications and Can. J. Fisheries.
BOOK REVIEWING 1999-2000
Reviewed chapters 40, 48 and 49 of the highly regarded introductory
text, Life: The Science of Biology, Sixth Edition for Sinauer & Associates.
Brief funding history
1) Mass and energy budgets of animals: behavioral and ecological implications.
DOE Continuous funding at $100,000 or more from 1970 through
NSF, EPA grants totalling over $1,000,000. from 1970 through 1990.
DOE: $200,000: 1 Ap '91 - 31 Mr '92
DOE: $220,611: 1 Ap '92 - 31 Mr '93
DOE: $237,830: 1 Ap '93 - 1 Ap '94
2) New models and experiments describing heat and mass transfer in
fur. NSF: $160,000: 1 Aug. '89 - 31 July '93
3) Thermal and hydric effects of incubation in Sceloporus merriami
eggs. NSF: $8533. 8/15/89 - 1/31/91
4) Incorporation of the nest environment into a biophysical model of
the population dynamics of reptiles. NSF: $12,000: 7/15/89 - 6/30/91
5) ‘Groundwater contaminants’ Wis. Groundwater Res. Council. $40,000
1 July ‘94 - 30 June ‘96.
6) ‘Stable isotopes for monitoring human health’. UIR $20,000.
1 July ‘96 - 30 June ‘97
7) ‘Stable isotopes for early detection of breast cancer’. WARF $22,000.
1 July ‘96 - 30 June ‘97
8) ‘Stable isotopes for monitoring human health’. UIR $20,000.
1 July ‘97 - 30 June ‘98
9) ‘Pesticide mixtures effects on animals’ $30,000 CIAS 1 January,
1998 - 1 July, 1999.
10) ‘ New herbicides biological effects on amphibians’ $7500. Private
foundation. 1 January, 1998 - 30 June, 1998.
11) ‘Biological impacts of lawn care products’ $60,000. 1 July, 1998
- 30 June, 2001. Private company.
$35,000 Lumpkin foundation (to Env. Toxicol. Res. Fund)
$25,000 Cavaliere foundation (to Env. Toxicol. Res. Fund)
$20,000 Gardens Alive Inc.
$5000 W. Alton Jones foundation
$20,000 The Graduate School
$12,500 DARPA (stable isotope research)
$10,000 Lumpkin Foundation (added support for toxicological research)
$100,000 NSF ‘Modeling Animal Landscapes’
$200,000 Rodale Institute ‘Subtle Biological Effects of Low-level Environmental Contaminants (this amount with no overhead for each of the next four years) 1 Sep 2003-30 Aug 2007
$100,000 NIH SBIR grant to complete development of a cavity bring down laser-based spectrometer and tested using various infectious diseases 1 June 2004-May 2005
$10,000 The Graduate School for DK-2A spectroreflectometer repair/upgrades.
$40,000 Navy-DOD demonstration grant to explore the energetics/behavior of Bachman’s sparrow at the Camp Lejeune military base. 1 June 2004-May 2005
$38,800 Bradshaw Knight foundation for postdoctoral research on nutritional/contaminant effects of food on neurological, endocrine, immune, and developmental processes.
Our research program involves three parallel
and complementary tracks: animal energetics as influenced by climate
(and its implications for population dynamics and community structure at
local, regional, and global scales), environmental contaminants
that modulate cellular/molecular, organ system and individual level processes,
and our patented stable isotope process that detects catabolic state
and protein status without the need to dope with isotopes.
Our research group developed the first general mechanistic ectotherm and microclimate models. The first general endotherm heat transfer models for any type of fur and any size animal were also developed in my research group in collaboration with Drs. John Mitchell and William Beckman in Mechanical Engineering. Recently, in collaboration with Drs. Warren Stewart and Srinivas Budaraju in Chemical Engineering, we have been able to solve the problem of fluid (air) flow through fur. We can now calculate heat and mass transfer through wet or dry fur, feathers, grass or other fibrous, porous media from basic principles.
Our endotherm models are the only ones that have been demonstrated to be accurate to within experimental error in calculating maintenance costs and growth potential over the range of environmental conditions the animals experience. The mammal species that the endotherm model has been verified for now include deer mice, white footed mice, cotton rats, wood rats, tundra voles, singing voles, prairie dogs, yellow bellied marmots, swine and Holstein calves. The model has also been verified for quail and chukar partridge. Lately, we have been able to show that we can predict the ‘mouse - to - elephant’ metabolic data that were empirically collected in 1938 by Benedict. No one until now has been able to satisfactorily explain why the data have the slope and intercept that they do. We can also now show how limited in application those experimental data are. They were collected at 28 C air temperature, 36 C core temperature, low humidity and low windspeed for all sizes of animals. We can now predict the mouse-to-elephant curve for any air temperature, wind speed, relative humidity and solar radiation level for any size of animal with any kind of fur. This implies that we can ‘design’ animals on the computer and test the calculations by manipulating genetic properties of the fur and the animals for maximum production in different climates. Lately I have created "Animal Landscapes" that illustrate how animals perceive the landscape in terms of their energetics, activity time, and interactions with other species. These calculations use digital elevation maps that provide high-resolution information on elevation, slope, aspect, vegetation type, and soil type to reconstruct available local microclimates that the animals can then select depending upon various temperature and light dependent behaviors that each species utilizes. The energetics for an animal for each month of the year is mapped onto the landscape using ArcView for presentation (Porter et al., 2000; 2001). An illustration of this process can be seen by viewing the QuickTime movie showing monthly energetics for a 250 g (nocturnal) dusky footed woodrat maintaining a core temperature of 37.5 C. on the Los Olivos quadrangle in Southern California (hotlink to movie). Questions can be addressed quantitatively, such as " How do climate, topography, vegetation, soil type, and animal properties impact on behavior and physiology and the ability to survive, grow, and reproduce on real landscapes?", and "How might toxicants and pathogens in air and food modify animal physiology and behavior to alter their place on the landscape and their ability to function on the landscape?"
The general microclimate, ectotherm and endotherm models can be used for a variety of pure and applied research purposes, such as to ask questions about the consequences of climate change or genetic changes in animals, whether natural or man made. For example, the impact on maintenance costs and growth or reproduction potential due to changes in body size, fur coat
color, hair length or density or body temperature regulation for any size of endotherm in any physical environment can now be explored quantitatively. Questions about changes in voluntary
food or water consumption of wild animals due to habitat changes affecting microenvironments or consumption of domestic animals due to environmental modification (shelters or trees) may be
answered quantitatively. Environmental changes or animal differences that affect time space utilization can be calculated and verified in the field as we have shown for several species. We have recently developed stochastic microclimate models that can compute the percent available habitat that is thermally available (Grant & Porter, 1992). We found that feeding rates are linearly related to the percent of thermally available microhabitats. Thus, we can predict upper bounds on feeding rates and activity time available in natural environments. Activity time is the key variable, because we use that to compute population ‘life history’ variables of survivorship, reproduction potential (Adolph and Porter, 1993), growth, time to sexual maturity and size at sexual maturity (Adolph and Porter, 1996) for a lizard species over its entire distribution in North America.
Environmental contaminants: Interactive effects
of infections, available food and water, and survival in different environments
can be addressed with our models. Recently, the models calculated
suppressed growth and reproduction due to synergistic effects of slight
reductions in food and water with low level disease and chemicals.
The chemicals we used include currently registered and commercially used
agricultural plant growth regulator chemicals that we discovered have immune
suppression properties. Using natural routes of entry and low levels
of the disease and chemicals, we subsequently experimentally verified the
models' predictions and found not only greater vulnerability to disease
and to low levels of chemicals under conditions of light malnourishment,
but also interference with gestation, resulting in frequent abortions and
reabsorptions. The possible ramifications of these findings for malnourished
populations exposed to agricultural chemicals and infections is cause for
We also have been exploring
the possible effects of mixtures of low levels of insecticides, herbicides
and nitrate fertilizers in drinking water on the interacting nervous, endocrine
and immune systems for the last several years. We have recently found
suppression of learning and exploratory behavior, changes in hormone levels
(thyroxine, somatotropin), and changes in immune parameters in rats, white
mice, and deer mice at levels of pesticides that occur in groundwaters
throughout the United States.
process: Our patented stable isotope process is showing that we can
detect catabolic (wasting) state in animals and humans virtually from the
instant of onset with breath or blood protein samples. The process
can also determine past energetic status at multiple times in the past
from a single current blood sample of very small amount. The process
also detects protein deficiency in the organism and how long it has persisted.
Thus, events in animals or people, such as onset of infections, AIDS (even
before wasting begins), cancers, liver and kidney diseases, impact of dietary
programs and malnutrition are detectable early, cheaply and easily.
We are working to further develop these processes which have large health
implications as well as potentially allowing us to assess energetic status
at the population level for animals outdoors. The stable isotope
process allows us to test predictions of metabolic costs and food consumption
rates of free ranging animals and people.
Statement of Research Interests
A basic unanswered question in biology is
what are the mechanisms of interaction of climate, diseases and low level
toxicants with the morphological, physiological, and behavioral properties
of animals that affect their population and community dynamics? The
basic premises of my work are that as environmental and physiological stresses
accumulate, survival costs increase at the expense of potential for growth,
reproduction, fat deposition and activity. Sometimes stressors act
additively, sometimes synergistically. The interactions of combinations
of variables on biological systems is largely unexplored theoretically
and experimentally. "Standard" theory fails because many of the appropriate
variables are interdependent, and the boundary conditions (driving variables)
are irregular in time, making analytical solutions impossible. "Standard"
experimental techniques fail because the usual "one at a time" variable
experiments a) assume independence of variables b) do not yield information
about interactions c) are very inefficient experimental designs and are
always more expensive to perform.
My work involves a combination of computer
modeling and experimentation in the lab and in the field. The computer
models of microenvironments and animals calculate food and water required
for maintenance, growth and reproduction of any kind of animal in any kind
of fluctuating environment, whether the animal is healthy or sick.
The modeling involves numerical solutions to non-linear fourth order coupled
differential equations of heat and mass transfer of both animals and microenvironments.
We test those models in the laboratory and the field, often using iterative
fractional factorial designs, a highly efficient way to experiment when
many variables may affect the system of interest. The computer models
are used to identify particularly interesting phenomena or times of the
year when critical events are occurring. This allows us to focus
our research efforts and to explore circumstances that may not at first
obvious". The equations in the models require easily measured
physiological, morphological and behavioral attributes of animals as well
as the environmental variables that affect the animals' heat and mass transfer.
Lately, I have been concentrating on computing the potential for growth and reproduction of both ectotherms (cold blooded) and endotherms (warm blooded) animals at varying latitudes and
altitudes, and as a function of climatic change. The results of these calculations have allowed us to identify likely physiological and environmental variables limiting distributions of three species of ectotherms and two species of endotherms.
We have been able to show that our calculations of metabolic rate and water loss of the western fence lizards in the field, based on heat and mass transfer models of microclimates and the animals are within the experimental error bounds of doubly labeled water measurements. We did the same thing for the tundra voles in the arctic. We have shown that the models are accurate to within experimental error in defined laboratory environments for twelve species of mammals and two species of birds (Porter et al, 1994). We have also been able to predict from first principles the empirically derived ‘mouse-to-elephant’ curve, which has never been done before. We have also been able for the first time to evaluate quantitatively Bergmann’s rule, which says that animals within a species tend to be larger at more northerly latitudes and higher altitudes (Steudel et al, 1994; Porter and Kearney, 2009). We were able to show that small animals should optimally grow longer fur, rather than have larger body size, but other constraints on fur dictate that body size change is effectively the only remaining variable to minimize energetic cost.
Our latest research explores the contributions energetics make to population dynamics and community structure. We are integrating in our animal models the heat and mass balance models for energy intake and expenditures, body size effects on gut function and locomotion costs and optimal behavior for foraging using dynamic programming techniques. We have discovered and patented a process that allows us to measure anabolic or catabolic state of an animal over many time intervals simultaneously, from instantaneously to the last 3 days, the last 3 months, the last 6 months or longer. The process also allows us to determine which substrates (carbohydrates, fats, proteins) are being utilized for energy. This also allows us to determine whether animals are food limited or processing at maximum capacity and for how long. Thus, we are in a postition to evaluate quantitatively what is 'optimal' body size in changing environments in time and space and how that affects the number of species in a community.
We continue to develop and test under field conditions generic microclimate and animal models that are now allowing us to explore a variety of biodiversity questions involving rare and endangered species in the Pacific, Australia, the Arabian Peninsula, Hawaii, Yellowstone National Park, the Central Valley of California, and Amboseli Park in Africa. The species we are studying range from honeybees and bumblebees to amphibians, lizards, the Po’ouli on Maui, double crested cormorants in Green Bay Wisconsin, the rare Japanese serow deer on Honshu, Japan, African baboons, black rhinos, climate change impacts on invasive cane toads in Australia, the living fossil Tuatara off the coast of New Zealand, and the disease bearing dengue fever mosquitoes' present and future distributions in Australia. We have been creating "topographic" maps of metabolic costs, water requirements, activity hours, and rates of movement and distribution limits across continents on their native landscapes. These models are useful for exploring consequences of climate change, changes in land use, introduction of disease, and other applications.
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